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FLOW BOILING OF A HIGHLY VISCOUS POLYMER SOLUTION

DOI: 10.1615/IHTC13.p28.30
11 pages

U. Liesenfelder
Bayer Technology Service GmbH, Leverkusen, Germany

K. Kohlgruber
Bayer Technology Service GmbH, Leverkusen, Germany

M. Wienecke
Wärme - und Kältetechnik, Universität - GH Paderborn, Germany

R. Span
University of Paderborn, Paderborn, Germany

Abstract

Flow boiling experiments with mixtures of poly dimethyl siloxanes and n-pentane are carried out in a vertical annular channel. The mixtures are fed to the test section with a subcooling of 30 − 65 K. The flow condition at the inlet can be characterized as creeping flow with Re-numbers as small as 0.01. Strong radial temperature gradients prevail throughout the entire evaporation process, indicating a laminar flow character even under boiling conditions.
Analysing the experiments, heat transfer to a homogeneous liquid phase, subcooled boiling, fully developed nucleate boiling, convective heat transfer to a two-phase flow and flash effects due to pressure loss can be distinguished.
Yet heat transfer can be described as a first approximation by a simple model which is based on laminar single phase heat transfer and incorporates an additional convective term reflecting the augmentation of convection through the gas phase.

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Measurement of fluid temperature with an arrangement of three thermocouples