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International Heat Transfer Conference 16

ISSN: 2377-424X (online)
ISSN: 2377-4371 (flashdrive)

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT IN THE THOUGHT OF THERMAL SCIENCE−HEAT AND ENTROPY

Yoshitaka Yamamoto
Surugadai Gakuen, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, 101-0062, Japan

Hideo Yoshida
Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Kyoto University, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto, 615-8540, Japan

DOI: 10.1615/IHTC16.fl.000001
pages 1-54

Abstract

This paper is an English excerpt of the Japanese book "Historical Development in the Thought of Thermal Science−Heat and Entropy" by Yoshitaka Yamamoto (first edition, Gendai-Sugakusha, Kyoto, 1986; revised edition, Chikumashobo, Tokyo, 2009). The subtitle "250 Years after James Watt and 200 Years after Sadi Carnot" was added to this excerpt by the translator, because the separate condenser for the steam engine was invented (patented) by Watt in 1769 and the historical paper "Réflexions sur la Puissance Motrice du Feu (Reflections on the Motive Power of Fire)" was published by Carnot in 1824. In the Fourier Lecture at IHTC-16, the translator presented one of the most important and interesting parts of Yamamoto's masterpiece, in which he thoroughly studied the development of thermal science in the seventeenth?nineteenth centuries and shed light on its true nature; this excerpt comprises Chapters 18−20, about one-tenth of the original book. In Chapter 18, Carnot's original problem setting of the motive power of heat is discussed in conjunction with Watt's pioneering work on the steam engine. In Chapters 19 and 20, the essence of Carnot's theory is described, and its profound significance in physics is analyzed in detail.

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