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Measurement of fluid temperature with an arrangement of three thermocouples
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A BAYESIAN ALGORITHM FOR THE RETRIEVAL OF GEOPHYSICAL PARAMETER IN THE ATMOSPHEREM. Deiveegan DOI: 10.1615/IHTC13.p23.20 AbstraktRadiation reflected and transmitted by a planetary atmosphere contains information about particles and molecules in the atmosphere. Therefore, accurate modeling of the radiation field may be used to retrieve information on atmospheric precipitations. In this paper, a simple twolayer model for a vertically inhomogeneous atmosphere is implemented by using the doublingadding method for a planeparallel atmosphere. Additionally, sea surface albedo, rain rate and ice content for two layers are estimated simultaneously by inverse analysis, from the knowledge of measured brightness temperatures based on vertical and horizontal polarizations. Measured brightness temperatures are simulated by adding random errors to the brightness temperatures computed from the forward problem. To assess the accuracy of predictions, a statistical analysis is made to establish error bar for inverse solution. The inverse methodology to retrieve the parameters using Bayesian retrieval algorithm is presented. To check the performance and accuracy obtained in the retrieval, a comparison is presented between two retrieval methods, viz. Bayesian algorithm and artificial neural network. The results show that the Bayesian retrieval algorithm and artificial neural network are robust and yield accurate estimation of parameters even when noise is present in the observation. Both artificial neural network and Bayesian retrieval algorithms yield estimation of parameters in real time with good accuracy. However they require time consuming data base creation. 
