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International Heat Transfer Conference 15

ISSN: 2377-424X (online)
ISSN: 2377-4371 (flashdrive)

Modeling of Nanoporous Membranes for High Flux Thin Film Evaporation

Zhengmao Lu
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Shankar Narayanan
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA; Currently, Department of Mechanical, Aerospace and Nuclear Engineering, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY

Daniel Hanks

Rishi Raj

Rong Xiao
Exxon Mobile

Dion S. Antao
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843, USA; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA

Evelyn N. Wang
Device Research Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02149, USA

DOI: 10.1615/IHTC15.flm.009565
pages 3363-3372

MOTS CLÉS: Boiling and evaporation, Thermal management, Nanoporous membrane, High heat flux, Thin film evaporation


Thin film evaporation promises high heat flux thermal management solutions for next generation high performance . In particular, we are investigating this approach that takes advantage of a nanoporous membrane. However, fundamental understanding of heat and mass transfer during evaporation at the liquid-vapor interface confined within the nanopores is essential to realize such a concept. In this work, we developed a detailed computational model that captures evaporation from cylindrical nanopores where the meniscus is pinned at the top of nanopores. We solved the laminar flow and heat transfer problem in the liquid phase using finite methods, established a second-order differential equation to determine the meniscus shape and investigated vapor transport incorporating the recondensation inside the pore and the non-equilibrium effect due to the bulk vapor flow. We obtained the interfacial heat flux and heat transfer coefficient which are functions of both the local temperature and the liquid pressure at the bottom of the pore. This work sheds light on the complex physics of thin film evaporation in nanoporous membranes, which facilitates the design of high flux thermal management devices.

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